RIFLES OF 2ND MARYLAND INFANTRY


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Rifles of the 2nd Maryland Infantry (1862-1865)

Some former members of 1st Maryland Infantry Regiment  brought their arms when the Regiment disbanded in summer of 1862 to the new formation of the soon to be 2nd Maryland Infantry. As other new members join the ranks of the newly created 2nd Maryland Infantry, they were issued what was available. In addition to the 1841 Mississippi Rifle (.54 cal) and the 1842 Springfield Smoothbore (.69 cal), some men were issued the British P53 Enfield Rifle (.577 cal) and the 1861 Springfield Rifle (.58 cal). It has been documented that the men of 2nd Maryland had their preference from capture weapons or what's on hand and they preferred weapons that had the "bluing" or "brown/bronzing" as it was easier to maintain (clean/prevent rust) in the field. It is evident they prized the weapons with the bronzing/bluing in the existing original Enfield rifle belonging to Pvt. Richard Shepard of Company D 2nd Maryland (photos at bottom of page). He took the time, effort, and money to engrave his rifle with his name. 


 Rifles in above image are (from top to bottom)

  • 1841 Mississippi Rifle (rifle carried over from service in the 1st Maryland)
  • 1842 Springfield Smoothbore Musket (Rifle carried over from service in the 1st Maryland)
  • P53 British Enfield Rifle (issued rifle to the 2nd Maryland)


Springfield

Above represented is a reproduction 1861 Springfield rifle. Captured Sprinfield rifles saw servcie in 2nd Maryland


richmond

Above represented is a reproduction 1862 Richmond Armory rifle. There is eveidence a few of these may have seen service in 2nd Maryland


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Above represented is an Armisport reproduction British P53 Enfield Rifle with correct black leather British Enfield rifle sling. 

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Above represented is a Pedersoli Reproduction of the 1841 .54 cal Mississippi Rifle

Above:  Original 1853 British Enfield Rifle with original bayonet belonging to Pvt. Richard Shepard of Company D 2nd Maryland Infantry.  Pvt. Shepard served from 1862-1865 and was 1 of 4 remaining men in Company D that surrendered at Appomattox in 1865. Photos courtesy of Mr. Dan Hartzler.



P53 British Enfield Rifle:

  • Caliber: .58
  • Cartridge: .577 ball
  • Maximum Effective Range: 1,250 yards (with accuracy)
  • Maximum Range: 2000 yards (20 football fields)
  • Weight: 9.5 pounds
  • Bayonet: yes


1841 Mississippi Rifle:

  • Caliber: .54
  • Cartridge: .54 ball
  • Maximum Effective Range: 0-1100 yards (with accuracy)
  • Maximum Range: 2000 yards (20 football fields)
  • Weight: 9.4 pounds
  • Bayonet: no


1862 Richmond Armory Rifle:

  • Caliber: .58
  • Cartridge: .58 "minie' ball
  • Maximum Effective Firing Range: 600 yards (with accuracy)
  • Maximum Range: 800 yards (over 8 football fields)
  • Weight: 9 pounds
  • Bayonet: yes


1861 Springfield Rifle:

  • Caliber: .58
  • Cartridge: .58 "minie' ball
  • Maximum Effective Firing Range: 100-400 yards (with accuracy)
  • Maximum Range: 620 yards (over 6 football fields)
  • Weight: 9 pounds
  • Bayonet: yes


1842 Springfield Smoothbore Musket:

  • Caliber: .69
  • Cartridge: buck and ball
  • Maximum Effective Firing Range: 50-75 yards (with accuracy)
  • Maximum Range: 100-200 yards (1 to 2 football fields)
  • Weight: 10 pounds
  • Bayonet: Yes
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