Company D

1862

1865

2ND Maryland Infantry

OFFICER UNIFORMS

2ND MARYLAND INFANTRY HAD THE REPUTATION OF HAVING A “NEAT” APPEARANCE THROUGHOUT MOST OF THE WAR.  THE MEN RETAINED UNIFORMITY AMONGST THEIR RANKS MORE THAN ANY OTHER UNIT IN THE CONFEDERATE SERVICE. THE SAME GOES FOR THE OFFICERS OF 2ND MARYLAND INFANTRY. THEY ADHERED CLOSELY TO CONFEDERATE UNIFORM REGULATIONS THROUGHOUT THE MAJORITY OF THE WAR. THE MARYLAND OFFICERS, LIKE OTHER CONFEDERATE OFFICERS, HAD TO OBTAIN THEIR OWN UNIFORMS THROUGH SOURCES AT HAND.

WE ARE LUCKY IN THE SINCE THAT SEVERAL IMAGES OF 2ND MARYLAND OFFICERS STILL EXIST.  IN EACH IMAGE YOU WILL SEE THE OFFICERS ARE WEARING A DOUBLE BREASTED FROCK COAT REGARDLESS OF RANK FROM LT. COLONEL ON DOWN TO THE 2ND LIEUTENANT. THE DOUBLE BREASTED FROCK COAT APPEARS TO ALL HAVE SLEEVE RANK BRAID, COLOR RANK, AND SOME IMAGES SHOW THE BOTTONY CROSS BADGE WORN ON CHEST.  THE MATERIAL OF WOOL WAS MOST LIKELY STANDARD CADET GREY BROADCLOTH WOOL.

Capt. James Bussey 

Commander of Company H

2nd Maryland

Capt. James P. Crane 

Commander of Company B 

2nd Maryland

THROUGH RESEARCH, FROM WHAT WE CAN TELL, THE OFFICER CADRE MAINTAINED WEARING THE DOUBLE BREASTED FROCK COAT WELL UP UNTIL SEPTEMBER 1864.  THE EVIDENCE SUPPORTING THIS IS FOUND WITH CAPT. BUSSEY’S IMAGE.  BUSSEY WAS INITIALLY A LIEUTENANT IN COMPANY D.  IT WAS IN OCTOBER OF 1863 THAT HE WAS MADE CAPTAIN AND PUT IN COMMAND OF "COMPANY H”. THE IMAGE OF CAPT. BUSSEY SHOWS HIM WEARING A DOUBLE BREASTED FROCK COAT WITH CAPTAIN RANK.  WE KNOW THAT DUE TO MATERIAL SHORTAGES IN THE SOUTH, THE DOUBLE BREASTED FROCK COAT BECAME IMPRACTICAL TO FURTHER MAINTAIN IN FUTURE UNIFORM AQUISITIONS.  THE OFFICERS STARTED TO DRAW ENLISTED MAN’S UNIFORMS AS A SUBSTITUTE TO SERVE AS THEIR UNIFORM FOR THE REMAINDER OF THE WAR.  THE MEN OF 2ND MARYLAND DREW A UNIFORM ISSUE EVERY SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER (PER EXISTING PAY CHITS).  THAT SAID, THE OFFICERS WOULD OF POSSIBLY DRAWN NEW ENLISTED UNIFORMS IN FALL OF 1864.  IT COULD BE POSSIBLE THAT SOME OFFICERS MAINTAINED THE USE OF THEIR FROCK COAT, BUT FROM THE EXISTING ENLSITED SHELL JACKET OF LT. TOLSON OF “COMAPNY C” , WE KNOW THAT SOME OF THE OFFICERS STARTED TO TRANSITION TO WEARING THE ENLISTED SHELL JACKET.  LT. TOLSON’S SHELL JACKET WAS A RICHMOND DEPOT TYPE 3 SHELL JACKET WITH MARYLAND BUTTONS AND BRAIDED RANK ON COLOR.

Lt.Col. James Herbert

Commander of

2nd Maryland Infantry

Right: Reproduction Officer’s frock coat of our Captain.

Left: Existing images of officers from 2nd Maryland Infantry. Note the regulation double breasted frock coats.

Jacket of Lt. Thomas Tolson circa 1864