“In 1863-64, when the Maryland Line was at Hanover Junction, she collected a library of good, instructive books for the use of the command, and encouraged the men to build, under her directions, a chapel, which was used alike by catholic and protestant, without regard to sect.” Lt. Samuel McCullough, Co.D 2nd MD Inf
Ironically, both the 1st Maryland Infantry Regiment and 2nd Maryland Infantry fought gallantly near the McGhee House (Cold Harbor) during the month of June but at different times.
The 1st Maryland Infantry Regiment fought there on June 27, 1862 during what was called the Battle of Gaines Mills or First Cold Harbor. This is when Col. Bradley Johnson drilled the Regiment on Manual of Arms during battle and under fire to keep the men focused. (Photos below).
The 2nd Maryland Infantry fought there on June 2, 1864 during what is known as the Battle of Cold Harbor (2nd Battle). This is when 2nd Maryland, while in reserve, raced forward with bayonets to push back the break through made by Gen. Hancock's men. (Photos below)Note: both excerpts name McGhee House.
LT. McCULLOUGH (CO.D 2ND MD) DIARY ENTRY FOR JUNE 3, 1864
"Friday June 3rd '64
Changeable. Last night the enemy made several frontal demonstrations against our lines, but were easily repulsed this occasion however, (with) the formation of our line of battle each time.The enemy this morning, about 5 ½ o'clock , made an assault in three heavy columns against our fortifications, and, by reason of overwhelming numbers, compelled our men to retire. They fell back in great disorder upon our Battalion, when, we had to charge; and right nobly was it done. On we went across the ravine, up the hill, and drove them, although superior in numbers to us in confusion and with great loss across the breastworks. I fell wounded by a sharpshooter ten yards from the entrenchments, but had the satisfaction of seeing blue bellies lying in heaps in front of me. Was carried off the field by Killman & Johnson whom I detailed for that purpose. I had a exceeding unpleasant time in going through the wet tangled undergrowth and marshy wood; the enemy was shelling us furiously. My wound was dressed by Dr. McGill (Referring to Charles MacGill-photo below) of Hagerstown. Marshal Kane was in my barn to-day. Services were also held in the barn to-day. Private Hurley, of my company, was killed just before the charge."
***Note that Lt. McCullough had 2 men from Company (Killman and Johnson) designated as stretcher bearers (for company) during battle.
***Also note the mention of Marshal Kane. Marshal Kane was the police Marshal of Baltimore during the April 19th riot. He manages to turn up throughout the war. He was made Colonel by Jefferson Davis.
SUPPLY REQUEST FORM APRIL 18, 1864
Request form from Lt. William Edelin for 2nd Maryland.
You can see 2nd Maryland's disposition on April 18, 1864 (right before Wilderness Battle and Cold Harbor).
• One Hundred and Seventeen Shirts
• Thirty Eight Drawers
• Thirteen Jackets
• One Pair Shoes
Received by Lt. James Franklin (Co.D 2nd Maryland). Apparently, Lt. Franklin was receiving clothing for those in all of 2nd Maryland.
MAY 19, 1864 MUNITION REQUEST FORM
Prior to Cold Harbor this order was received (notice the checks of being received). The officer recieving the order was Capt. Joseph McAleer (Co. D 2nd Maryland)
May 19, 1864
• 60 "Rifles" Cal. 58
• 49 Cartridge boxes
• 30 Cartridge box belts (this shows they wore shoulder slings)
• 55 waist belts
• 55 Cap Pouches
• 60 Scabbards (proof they had bayonets late war)
• 24 Screwdrivers (Rifle tools)
• 15 Cones (nipples)
• 60 Wipers
• 12 Ball Screw
• 3 Spring Vices
• 3 Arm Ches.P? (illegible)
• 1 Box
Capt. James P. Crane
CAPTAIN JAMES PARRAN CRANE WAS THE COMPANY COMMANDER OF CO.B AND WAS IN COMMAND OF 2ND MARYLAND INFANTRY AT COLD HARBOR IN 1864.